Prepare your home for bushfire conditions.

Unfortunately, bushfires are part of the reality of living in many parts of Australia. As a result, preparing your property for bushfire attack is now a mandatory part of the building process. Bushfire Attack Level ratings (also commonly referred to as BAL ratings) are designed to ensure your home has the best chance at surviving exposure to the various conditions associated with a bushfire event.

Windows and doors play a major role in a home’s ability to survive a bushfire. Many homes withstand the initial fire front, only to be destroyed by embers entering through broken windows after the fact.

a flaming ball adjacent to a window

What are bushfire (BAL) ratings?

Bushfire Attack Level ratings (also commonly referred to as BAL ratings) are used to measure the likelihood a building may be exposed to extreme conditions in a bushfire event based on where it is, and therefore the materials or features the building will require to protect against those conditions. These can include conditions such as ember attack, radiant heat, and even exposure to direct flame contact.

BAL ratings are used to identify requirements for construction within certain geographical areas. The area your home is built in will determine your requirement for building or modifying a home to ensure it aligns with the relevant BAL rating.

How are BAL ratings calculated?

Bushfire Attack Level ratings are calculated using an analysis system that incorporates different considerations around your home’s location and design. These can include:

  • Your rating on the Fire Danger Index
  • The slope of the land where your property is located
  • The types of vegetation that surround your home and how close they are to the building
  • The proximity of your home to other nearby buildings

What are the different BAL ratings?

There are six levels of BAL ratings.

BUSHFIRE ATTACK LEVEL RATINGDescription of predicted exposure to bushfire conditions
BAL-LOWThere is insufficient risk to warrant specific construction requirements
BAL-12.5There is a risk of ember attack
BAL-19There is a risk the home may come into contact with increasing levels of ember attack and burning debris ignited by windborne embers, together with increasing heat flux between 12.5 and 19 kW m2
BAL-29There is a risk the home may come into contact with increasing levels of ember attack and burning debris ignited by windborne embers, together with heat flux between 19 and 29 kW m2
BAL-40There is a risk the home will come into contact with increasing levels of ember attack and burning debris ignited by windborne embers together with increased likelihood of exposure to flames
BAL-FZThere is a risk the home will come into contact with direct exposure to flames from a fire front, in addition to heat flux and ember attack

Source: Victorian Building Commission Release, March 2010

 

What are the different requirements for A&L products associated with different BAL ratings?

BAL12.5BAL19BAL29BAL40
A&L ProductAluminium Mesh Screens required to window openingsAluminium Mesh Screens required to window openingsAluminium Mesh Screens required to window openingsSteel Mesh Screens required to window openings
Sliding Windows    
Awning    
Windows
Fixed Windows   
Double Hung Windows   
Louvre Windows  
Boutique Windows    
Sliding Doors    
French Doors    
Bifold Windows & Doors    
Boutique Sliding Doors    
Aluminium Door Frames